Construction Pro Tips
Starting a new job in any trade can be a nerve-wracking experience. There is a lot to know, and unless you went to trade school or technical college, most of what you need to know will be learned on the job.
To help out, we talked to former lead carpenter and current Family Handyman set-builder Josh Risberg to find out what five things he wished he had known when starting out as a rookie carpenter.
1. Get a tool belt and load it up
“Learn how to use them, too. Get familiar with them before you start, especially with the scribing tool,” said Josh. “You’ll be using that one a lot.” Plus, the other guys on a crew will take you more seriously if you come prepared and do not have to borrow small tools all the time.
2. Learn the lingo
Learn the difference between terms like plumb, level, and square. As a rookie, you’ll probably hear these terms get thrown around so much your head will spin if you don’t have their definitions straight. “Someone will say something like ‘plumb up the wall’ and you’ll be like, what?” said Josh.
Here are the definitions of those terms, in case you were wondering:
Plumb: straight up and down.
Level: straight side to side.
Square: two things coming together at a 90-degree angle.
3. Be a team player
Lay out everything and think about the big picture. Houses are full of interconnecting pieces so communicating and working with the people working on other parts of the project can prevent a lot of headache down the road. Thinking “I’m a trim guy, I do the trim” is the wrong mentality to have. Everyone working on a house is in charge of their own piece of the puzzle, and if in the end those pieces do not fit together someone will have to answer for it- make sure that someone is not you.
“There are some things you’ll only know if you go out of your way to learn them. Like, don’t put standard MDF in a bathroom because the moisture could make it expand.”
4. Understand that houses are just weird sometimes
Do not just assume things are plumb and level, especially in older houses. Wood warps over time and things are not always built exactly as they are supposed to be. “The ceiling might be one height on one end of the room and a whole inch higher on the other,” said Josh. Basing measurements and lengths on the way things should be instead of the way they actually are could mean a lot of wasted materials and time.
5. Study the materials
Get educated on the properties of specific materials, learning their strengths and weaknesses as well as what material works best in which situations. “There are some things you’ll only know if you go out of your way to learn them,” said Josh. “Like, don’t put standard MDF in a bathroom because the moisture could make it expand.” Pay attention to details and, if you need help remembering everything, take notes and review them at the end of the day.
These five things should help a first-time carpenter get into the swing of things on the jobsite a little easier. There are other things that will help out, too. Show up on time, work hard, pay attention… these are standard qualities for anyone who wants to learn and eventually master a job. Combine those with the five “trade secrets” above and you will be working like a veteran trim carpenter in no time.
About the expert
Josh Risberg is currently the set builder for Family Handyman magazine. He formerly worked as a a lead carpenter for high-end remodeling contractors and is an overall construction aficionado.