Tips for Hanging Doors
Seven pro tips to help you hang doors that will look great, work the way they're supposed to, and last a lifetime
Shim before the door goes in
You already know the standard approach to hanging a door: Set it in the rough opening, then level, shim and nail it. This traditional approach works fine in a perfect world where walls are always plumb, floors are level and you have plenty of time to fuss with the fit. But in the real world, some nonstandard tricks can help you finish the job faster and better.
The usual method of holding the door frame in place while you shim behind the hinge side is awkward. It’s a lot easier to shim the hinge side of the rough opening before you put in the door frame. After that, it’s a simple job to set the interior door frame in place, screw or nail it to the shims, and then shim the strike side. Measure the width of the rough opening before you start shimming to see how much shim space is available. Usually the rough opening allows for about 1/2 in. of shimming on each side of the frame. If the rough opening is extra wide, you can use fewer shims by tacking scraps of 1/2-in. plywood at the hinge locations first, and then add shims to plumb the jamb.
Make sure an exterior door will clear the rug
Most of the time, you can simply set your new exterior door frame directly on the subfloor and the door will easily clear carpeting or a throw rug. But if you’re replacing an old door with a thick sill, or if the floor will be built up with tile, thick carpet or an extra layer of wood, you could have a problem. And there’s no easy solution after the door is installed. You can’t simply trim the bottom, because then the door won’t seal against the sill. To avoid this problem, add a spacer under the door before you install it. The key is to determine where the top of the tile, carpet or throw rug will be, and then raise the door frame to leave about a 1/2-in. space under the door.
Set interior jambs on spacers
If you set the interior door jambs directly on the subfloor, there’s a good chance the door will rub against the carpet later. Of course, you can cut off the bottom of the doors, but it’s easy to avoid this extra work by planning ahead. Find out the thickness of the finish floor and then calculate where the bottom of the door will be. Plan the installation so there will be about 1/2 to 3/4 in. of space under the door. Usually setting the doorjambs on scraps of 3/8- to 1/2-in.-thick trim will put the door at the correct height.
Hidden screws make exterior doors stronger
There are many benefits to using screws rather than nails to install exterior doors. They can be adjusted and won’t easily pull out or loosen. But you don’t want to leave the painter with the task of filling big, ugly screw holes. The trick is to hide the screws under the weather stripping on the latch side. On the hinge side, you can simply replace one screw in each hinge with a matching 3-in.-long screw. Always start by drilling a clearance hole that allows the screw to slide freely in and out of the hole. This ensures the screw will pull the jamb tight to the shims, and allows for adjustment if needed. Don’t let the spinning screw rub against the weather strip—it will slice right through. I know this from bitter experience.
Tune up the rough opening
Twisted or out-of-plumb rough openings raise havoc with door installations. If you install the jambs to follow the walls, the door is likely to swing open or shut on its own. On the other hand, if you plumb the jambs against the out-of- plumb rough opening, the trim will be hard to install.
As long as the bottom of the wall isn’t held in place by flooring, there’s a simple solution. Just move the studs on both sides of the opening back to plumb. Don’t think you can do this with your trim hammer, though. You’ll need a maul or a sledgehammer.
Trim the bottom to level the top
When installing door hinges, hid screws behind the hinges
Screws are better for securing the hinge jamb because nails can work loose. You can easily replace one of the short hinge screws with a long screw, but it can be difficult to find a strong screw that matches the other screws. Here’s a trick we learned. Hide the screw behind the hinge. It only takes a minute or two to remove all the hinges and gain access to this area. Then you can drive a self-drilling screw through the jamb with ease. Make sure the jamb is straight and plumb before you reinstall the hinges.